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A person who… a thing that/which… (relative clauses 1)

A relative clause is sentence that has who, that, which and whom.


We are going to look at who, that and which.

 

Who – (we use who for people, not things)


We have a new Maths teacher. She can speak French.

The two sentences become one with ‘who’

She is replaced with -> who

We have a new Maths teacher who can speak French.

 

Two sentencesOne sentence / relative clause
I have a new driving instructor. She has a 100% pass rate.I have a new driving instructor who has a 100% pass rate.
Samantha has made a new friend. She is called Emily.Samantha has made a new friend who is called Emily.
Josh has a friend called Michael. He use to live in Madrid.Josh has a friend who use to live in Madrid.

 

More relative clauses with ‘who’ :


  • A burglar is someone who undergoes a robbery.

  • A snake is a reptile who is from the animal kingdom.

  • Does anybody have a friend who is called Lauren?

  • Do you know someone who can swim in the swimming gala?

  • The person who just rang me is my best friend.

  • The groom is the man who is marrying the bride.

  • The woman who is always walking up and down our street is my neighbour.

 

That- (we use that for things or people)

 

Thomas served us chicken. It was overcooked.

The two sentences become one with ‘that’

It is replaced with -> that

Thomas served us chicken that was overcooked.

 

Two sentencesOne sentence / relative clause
My baby cousin was wearing a dress. It was too big for her.My baby cousin was wearing a dress that was too big for her.
I bought a new dress. It was only five pounds.I bought a new dress that was only five pounds.

 

More relative clauses with ‘that’ :


  • I woke up early so that I could have enough time to eat breakfast.

  • Louisa was wearing sunglasses that were too big for her face.

  • A washing machine is an appliance that washes clothes.

  • Emma has her own personal chauffer that drives her everywhere she wants to go.

  • Jamie wants to go somewhere that is exotic.

  • I live in a house that is 300 years old.

  • I want to somewhere that has a lot of sun.

  • The bus driver that takes me to school is very rude.

  • I tried on the hat that I saw yesterday.

 

Which- (we use which for things, not people)

 

I found a good deal for a weekend getaway to the spa. It was for £150.

The two sentences become one with ‘which’

It is replaced with -> which

I found a good deal for a weekend getaway to the spa which was for £150

 

Two sentencesOne sentence / relative clause
Jess was wearing a headband. It was too small for her.Jess was wearing a headband which was too small for her.
Mum bought a new handbag. It was from a designer brand.Mum bought a new handbag which was from a designer brand

 

More relative clauses with ‘which’ :


  • I need to buy a new bag which my files can fit into.

  • Spencer has a dog which is cuddly and fluffy.

  • My uncle owns a restaurant which is in town.

  • Alex has a job which pays minimum wage.

  • A dishwasher is a machine which washes the dishes for you.

  • I need a gold pair of shoes which will go with my outfit.

  • My brother wants a car which is a manual.

  • My cousin has a maths tutor which comes to the house.

 

Sometimes we can use who or that for the same sentence because who and that are both used for people.

 

  • The people who I work with are really nice.
  • The people that I work with are really nice.

 

Sometimes we can use that or which for the same sentence because that and which are both used for things.

 

  • Stephanie lives in house that is 350 years old.
  • Stephanie lives in a house which is 350 years old.

 

 

A person who… a thing that/which (relative clauses 1) Exercises..


 

  1. Fill in the missing gaps.

 

  • ____________ is for things or people.

  • _____________ is for things, not people.

  • _____________ is for people, not things.

 

 

  1. Change the two sentences given into one sentence using who/that/which.

 

  • I met a man. He works at the local newsagents. _________________________________________________________________________________

  • Emma bought a new dress. It was gold and sparkly. _________________________________________________________________________________

  • Mum baked a cake. It tasted so yummy. __________________________________________________________________________________

  • Louisa was wearing heels. They were too big for her. __________________________________________________________________________________

  • I made a new friend at school. She is from America. __________________________________________________________________________________

  • My sister ordered Chinese food. It was nasty and under cooked. ___________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

  1. Create 3 sentences with who, that, and which.

 

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  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • ______________________________________________________________________

  • ______________________________________________________________________

 

Challenge:

Write down sentences where you can use either who/that for the same sentence.

Write down sentences where you can use either that/which for the same sentence.

 

 

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