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And But Or So Because

These words are known as connectives or conjunctions.

We use these words to join sentences together.

 

Example:

Tom went to the shop. He bought some sweets. (2 short sentences)

Tom went to the shop and he bought some sweets. (2 short sentences added together by a conjunction to form 1 longer sentence)

 

And

 

  • We brushed our teeth. We ate breakfast.

  • We brushed our teeth and ate breakfast. (don’t have to say ‘and we…’)

  • My brother is 19. He is studying at Manchester university.

  • My brother is 19 and is studying at Manchester university. (don’t have to say ‘and he…’)

  • Tom has forgotten his PE kit. Tom has forgotten his pencil case.

  • Tom has forgotten his PE kit and his pencil case.

  • Mum bought a new car. She loves it.

  • Mum bought a new car and she loves it.

 

In lists we don’t keep repeating ‘and’. We use commas (,). Before the last item of the list we use ‘and’.

 

Examples:

 

  • I went to shop at I bought apples, bananas, bread, milk, juice and

  • I am going on holiday with mum, dad, sister, brother and

  • Mum has gone to the supermarket, dad has gone to work and Emma has gone to her friend’s house.

  • For breakfast I ate eggs, toast, beans and hash browns.

 

 

But

 

  • Louisa wanted to play outside but it was raining.

  • Josh lives in Scotland but he doesn’t like it.

  • I bought a new dress but I don’t like it.

  • I like this house but it only has 2 bedrooms.

  • We were going to go to Blackpool but it started raining.

 

Or

 

  • Do you want to stay at grandma’s house or Emma’s house this weekend?

  • Do you want to go bowling or to the cinema?

  • Do you want to go the supermarket or are you too tired?

  • Have a cup of tea or a coffee.

  • We’re going to order Chinese food or Italian food.

  • We want to go on holiday to Portugal or

 

So

When we use the conjunction ‘so’ we use it to show the result of something.
Example: It was raining so I closed the window. (As a result of it being rainy, I closed the window)

 

  • I was so thirsty so I drank a glass of cold water.

  • She was hungry so she ordered food.

  • The dishwasher was full so I turned it on.

  • I missed the bus so dad dropped me to school.

  • Kevin’s phone got stolen so he bought a new one.

  • He’s always going out so he doesn’t have a lot of money.

 

Because

When we use the conjunction ‘because’ we use it to show the reason for something.

Example: She was crying because mum shouted at her. (The reason for her crying was because of mum)

 

  • Kate was late to school because she missed the bus.

  • Phil’s knee was grazed because he fell down.

  • He got in trouble because he didn’t do his homework.

  • Mum didn’t cook dinner because she was busy working.

  • Saarah felt sick because she ate too much chocolate.

 

Some sentences can have more than one conjunction.

 

  • It was late and I was hungry so I drove to the supermarket to buy ice cream.

  • I love London but I wouldn’t like to live there because of the travelling.

  • I want to go on holiday in Summer to Malaysia or Thailand because I’ve heard it’s very nice there.

  • She woke up late so she had no time to have breakfast and she was late to school.

  • Mum was bored and wanted to do something so she decided to cook pasta.

  • Sue made a cake and went to the shop to buy a gift because it was her brother’s birthday.

 

 

And But Or So Because Exercises


Complete the following sentences.

 

  • I went to grandma’s house and ____________________________________________________

  • Emma invited me to her house and ________________________________________________

  • I was going to go on holiday this year but ____________________________________________

  • Josh was suppose to come to my house but __________________________________________

  • She was either going to go on holiday abroad or ______________________________________

  • We’re going to watch a movie or __________________________________________________

  • We were all hungry so ___________________________________________________________

  • Tim was late to school so _________________________________________________________

  • I cooked dinner because __________________________________________________________

  • I didn’t want to go to the wedding because ___________________________________________

 

Look at the sentences below. Then think of a way to join them together using the conjunction ‘and’

 

Example: I went to the shop. Mum told me to buy a loaf of bread.. = I went to the shop and I bought a loaf of bread.

 

  • Tom woke up early. Dad made him a big breakfast. __________________________________________________________________________________

  • Emma baked a chocolate cake. Josh baked a carrot cake. __________________________________________________________________________________

  • I went shopping with Lola. I had to buy a dress for my sister’s wedding. ___________________________________________________________________________________

 

Fill in the missing gap with the appropriate conjunction (and, but, or, so, because)

 

  • Do you want to go on holiday abroad _____ do you just want to go somewhere local?

  • My sister is married ________ she lives in Spain _________ her husband has a well paid job there.

  • Susan has a very nice house _______ she has no garden.

  • Emma wants me to go with her shopping ____________ she needs my help picking a dress for the party.

  • I want to live in London when I’m older _________ there’s so many things to do there.

  • Me ______ my brother stay at my grandma’s house every weekend ______ my parents can have some peace without us.

  • We were tired _______ we went to sleep early.

 

Challenge: Create 5 lists using commas. Remember to use ‘and’ before the last thing.

 

 

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