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Before, after, during, while

Before


 

  • I have to brush my teeth before I eat breakfast.

  • I need comb my hair before we go out.

  • We fell asleep before the movie began.

  • Don’t forget to clean your room before you go to sleep.

  • You should finish the assignment before the deadline.

 

After


 

  • They were tired after their swimming lesson.

  • She was hungry after work.

  • We ate dessert after we had our lunch.

  • I was thirsty after playing football.

  • Mum had to cook dinner after she came back from work.

 

During


 

  • I fell asleep during the Maths lesson.

  • Emma began to feel sleeping during the movie.

  • Joshua took notes during the lecture.

  • My dad sleeps during the day and works during the night.

  • My parents get annoyed when my sister uses her phone during dinner.

 

While


 

  • Samantha was on her phone while the teacher was talking to her.

  • I fall asleep while listening to classical music.

  • You shouldn’t speak while eating.

  • I’m going to look after my neighbour’s cat while they go on holiday.

  • While the baby was sleeping, mum cleaned the house.

 

Before, during and after.


 

I bought popcorn before the film.

I fell asleep during the film.

I was tired after the film.

 

Before, while and after


 

I need to change the baby’s nappy before I put her to sleep.

While the baby is sleeping, I’m going to clean up the mess she’s made.

I’m going to give the baby a bath after she wakes up.

 

During, while and for


 

When we use ‘during’ in a sentence, it is followed by a noun.

During + noun

 

Examples:

I fell asleep during the Maths lesson. (noun = the Maths lesson)

Emma began to feel sleeping during the movie. (the movie)

 

When we use ‘while’ in a sentence, it is followed by a verb.

While + verb

 

Examples:

Samantha was on her phone while the teacher was talking to her. (verb =  the teacher was talking)

 

         We do not use during… (not Samantha was on her phone during the teacher was talking to her)

 

I fall asleep while listening to classical music. (verb = listening)

 

         We do not use during… (not I fall asleep during listening to classical music)

 

We are not allowed to use our phones during lessons.It is rude to use our phone while the teacher is talking to us.

 

 

When we use ‘for’ in a sentence, it is followed by a period of time.

For + period of time

 

Examples:

We went shopping for 3 hours.

We do not use during…  (not We went shopping during 3 hours)

Mum and dad went on holiday for a month.

We do not use during… (not Mum and dad went on holiday during a month)

We have lived in this house for 10 years.

We do not use during… (not We have lived in this house during 10 years)

We can use before/after + verb ending in -ing

I have to clean my room before going to school.

Before eating my breakfast, I have to brush my teeth.

I always feel more tired after waking up late.

After eating dinner, I have to wash the dishes.

 

Before,   after,   during,   while   Exercises..


 

  1. Complete the following sentences.

 

  • I always feel nervous before ________________________________________________

  • You have to clean your bedroom before _______________________________________

  • Mum cooks dinner ________________________________________________________

  • Josh always cries before ____________________________________________________

  • We have to go to town _____________________________________________________

 

 

     2. Complete the following sentences.

 

  • I went to sleep after ______________________________________________________

  • Sam was hungry after _____________________________________________________

  • Dad was tired after ________________________________________________________

  • We went out for dinner after ________________________________________________

  • They want to go on holiday after _____________________________________________

 

  1. Complete the following sentences.

 

  • We didn’t speak during ___________________________________________________

  • The baby doesn’t sleep a lot during __________________________________________

  • We played tennis during ___________________________________________________

  • They left their homework in school during _____________________________________

  • She fell asleep during ______________________________________________________

 

  1. Complete the following sentences.

 

  • She stated crying while ____________________________________________________

  • Kevin got hit by a ball while ________________________________________________

  • We had ice cream while ____________________________________________________

  • I often fall asleep while _____________________________________________________

  • We don’t use out phones while ______________________________________________

 

Challenge: Fill in the missing gap with either before, after, during, while or for.

 

___________ we lived in England, we lived in Spain. I learnt how to speak Spanish _________ our stay in Spain. We have been living in England __________ 6 years now. It was hard to adjust to the British lifestyle ___________ moving here. Living in England is very different to Spain. We never have family time. Dad works __________ mum is at home and mum works __________ dad is at work. This is because mum works ___________ the day and dad works ___________ the night.

 

 

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