|1||kilt||a plaid wool skirt that has pleats. Kilts are worn by men in Scotland.|
|2||enshrouded||to cover or wrap; shroud.Fog enshrouded the forest.||cloak, sheet, wrap|
|2||shackled||a metal band or one of a pair of metal rings used to bind the wrist or ankle of a prisoner or animal. We could hear the clanking of the prisoners’ shackles as they were marched into the yard.||fetter, iron, manacle|
|shackled||something that impedes freedom of thought or action.|
|2||shriek||a loud shrill cry of fear, joy, or surprise.||scream, squeal|
|3||inaugurate|| to put in office with an official ceremony.|
They inaugurated the new president.
to start or cause to start formally.
The Pathfinder’s landing on Mars inaugurated a new era of space exploration.
|crown establish, initiate, institute, introduce, launch|
|Dismiss|| to send away or allow to go away.|
You must stay in your seats until the teacher dismisses class.
to remove from a job; fire.
The company dismissed twenty workers.
|releasedischarge, fire||assembleemploy, engage, hire|
|inspired|| to stimulate or influence (someone to do something) by stirring the emotions.|
My mother’s kindness inspired me to write a book about her.The captain’s bravery inspired the crew to face the storm without fear.
to cause to happen.
His speech inspired a revolt.
|challenge, fire, invite, kindle provoke|
|auxiliary|| serving as an extra means of support; additional.|
The hospital has an auxiliary power generator.
|4||flamboyant|| exceptionally showy or dashing in one’s speech, manner, or appearance.|
The popular and flamboyant entertainer reveled in his gaudy costumes and rhinestone-studded piano.
|dashing, showy, theatrical||discreet, modest|
|blooming||the state or time of being in blossom.|
Many flowers are in bloom during the spring.
a flower; blossom.
|a flower; blossom.|
|flaming||the mixture of burning gas and vapor that rises from an object that is on fire. Flame is seen as brightly colored, flickering light.||blaze, fire, flare, flash, gleam, light, spark|
|5||scant|| barely enough; very little.|
After weeks of hiding in the hills from the sheriff, the outlaw’s supply of food had become scant.
just short of a certain measure.
I use a scant teaspoon of sugar in my tea.
|bare, deficient, incomplete, short, spare|
|scarce|| in short supply.|
Food was scarce during the war.
|inadequate, insufficient, meager, short||abundant, plentiful|
|11||rubble|| Pieces of broken rock, brick, or other material.|
After the war, nothing was left of the town but rubble.
|debris, wreckage, trash|
|dismay|| to trouble or upset the hopes of.|
It dismayed her to see her best friend making fun of her.
|disillusion, distress, disturb, trouble, upset, worry|
|massage|| a treatment of the body that involves rubbing and kneading to help the blood circulate better and to relax muscles.to treat by rubbing the body; give a massage to.|
She massaged my back.
|debris|| scattered pieces left after something has been destroyed.|
A pile of debris was all that remained after the fire.
|rubble, ruins, wreckage|
|13||grave|| very serious or important; causing deep concern.|
Driving fast on the icy road placed him in grave danger.The Civil War was a grave event in the nation’s history.
|critical, crucial, momentous, serious||trivial|
|etching|| a print made by using an etched metal plate.to create a picture, design or lettering on a hard surface such as glass or metal by removing parts of the surface with acid.|
The artist etched a picture of a tree.
|punctual|| on time; prompt.|
It is important to be punctual for a job interview.
|14||Languid|| lacking or not showing strength, energy, or spirit; weak, slow, or listless.|
He lay on the sofa in a languid manner, sipping from a cup of tea.The expression in her eyes was languid, and she seemed to have lost the will to live.
|enervated, lethargic, listless||chipper, energetic, vivacious|
|hasty|| fast or quick; hurried.|
Seeing he was in the wrong room, he made a hasty exit.
too quick or careless.
He did a hasty job on his homework and made several mistakes.
fast, hurried, quick, rapid, swiftrash
|Leisurely|| unhurried; slow.|
We walked at a leisurely pace.
|easy, relaxed, unhurried||brisk, hectic, hurried|
|15||friendly|| welcoming and pleasant toward others.|
I try to be friendly toward people I don’t like.Our town is a friendly place.
|affable, amiable, pleasant, warm||belligerent, gruff, hostile, icy, ill, stern, unfriendly|
|dense|| having parts very close together with little space between.|
This brown bread is so dense that one slice can really fill you up.
|compact, compressed, thick||thin|
|agitated|| to cause to move in a quick, tumbling motion or with force; shake.|
A washing machine works by agitating the clothes.
The wind blowing through the open window agitated the curtains.
to upset or excite.
The loud noises agitated the horse.
|disturb, excite, fluster, inflame, shake, shock,trouble, upset||calm, lull, soothe, still|
|topical|| in medicine, of, pertaining to, or designed for a particular part of the body.|
a topical ointment
of or pertaining to subdivisions of a written work.
a topical outline
|impoverished|| to make poor; cause to live in poverty.|
The drought impoverished the agricultural population.Their father’s loss of work impoverished the family.
|frantic|| very excited by worry or fear; frenzied.|
The child became frantic when he couldn’t find his parents in the crowded mall.
|16||superfluous|| being beyond a sufficient amount; excessive.|
This paragraph is superfluous and could easily be eliminated.
not required; unnecessary.
|excess, redundant, surplusdispensable, inessential, needless, nonessential,unessential, unnecessary, unneeded||deficientessential, indispensable, necessary|
|enclosure|| a space that is surrounded, or something that surrounds.|
They keep their dogs in an enclosure.
The carpenters are making an enclosure for the yard.
something sent in an envelope along with a letter.
He sent an enclosure of money along with the letter to his family.
|bound, boundary, cage, fold, wall, yard||toil, tramp, trudge|
|plodded|| to move in a slow, tired, or heavy way.|
She plodded up the stairs to bed.
|toil, tramp, trudge slave, toil|
|21||woefullly||unhappy or sorrowful.||miserable, mournful, sorrowful, unhappy,wretched||cheerful, joyful|
|inadequate|| not enough; not good enough.|
She brought an inadequate amount of food to the picnic.He failed the test because his answers were inadequate.
|deficient, insufficient, lacking, short, unsatisfactory||adequate, enough, good, satisfactory, sufficient|
|policy|| a set of rules or a plan that is used as a guide for action.|
The library policy lets people borrow books for two weeks at a time.
|platform, practice, program, strategy, system|
|22||specific|| pertaining to a particular thing or person and to nothing else of the same kind; particular.|
The four of diamonds is a specific card in the deck.Did you have a specific person in mind when you bought that gift?
|compound|| made up of two or more parts or elements.|
Water is a compound substance made up of hydrogen and oxygen.
having to do with a word made up of two or more parts, or a sentence made up of two or more main clauses.
“Housefly” is a compound word made up of the words “house” and “fly.”
something made up of two or more parts or elements.
|complex, composite, consolidated, mixed,multiple||complex, multiple|
|23||scour|| to clean by rubbing hard.|
The cook scoured the copper pots.
to remove by rubbing hard.
They had to scour the dirt from the old bathtub.
|solution||the act or process of solving a problem or question.|
The solution to the puzzle took us several hours.
the process in which one substance spreads evenly through another.
|portion|| a part of a whole.|
He read a portion of the book.
to divide or to give out parts of something.
We portioned the pizza so that everyone got a slice.
|division, fraction, part, percentage, piece,segmentallot, divide, parcel|
|combination|| the result of an act of combining; things that are brought together or combined.|
The soup was a combination of chicken and vegetables.
|assortment, blend, mixture|
|scrapped|| a small bit, such as a piece left over or thrown away.|
I picked up a scrap of paper.They tossed scraps of bread to the ducks.
to throw away because useless or without value.
He scrapped the old computer that did not work anymore.