Learning outcome – to understand how energy is transferred from one
organism to another
To learn how to interpret food chains and food webs Food chains show how
energy is transferred from one organism to the next. The food chain starts
with a producer usually a plant who can produce its own energy using the
light from the sun The producer is then eaten by the primary consumer, then
the secondary consumer and so on.
The arrows in a food chain show in which direction the energy is moving.
Producers in this case, the grass can make the energy through the process
of photosynthesis. The primary consumer usually only eats plants and can
also be referred to as a herbivore The secondary consumer will eat the
primary consumer, so because it eats other animals it can be referred to
as a carnivore.