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Classification


Learning objectives – to understand how a balanced diet and regular exercise

is needed to keep the body healthy.

This table provides information about the different nutrients the body requires.

Our diet consists of many different components. These components have

different functions within the body and an unbalanced diet can lead to a lack

of on component, which can lead to a disease.

 

Nutrients

Use in the body

Source

Carbohydrates

To provide energy for the body, acts as a short term energy supply

Bread, pasta and potatoes

Proteins

Helps build muscle for growth and repair

Meat, eggs and dairy products

Lipids (fats and oils)

Provides energy and also a long term energy supply

Butter and oil

Minerals

Needed to maintain health

Milk provides calcium and meat provides iron

Vitamins

Needed to maintain health

Fruit and vegetable

Dietary Fibre

To help move food through the gut

Whole wheat products, fruit and vegetables

Water

Needed for cells

Water

 

In our diet we require different vitamins as they all have different functions

within our body.

 

Vitamin C  – this vitamin is required help heal injuries on the outside or on the

inside of the body. Vitamin C is found in fruits such as oranges and lemons. It

can also be found in green vegetables such as spinach and broccoli.



Related Topics


Balanced Diet                                 Food Additives