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Do they? Is it? Have you?

In this topic we will be looking at the verbs ‘Do’ ‘Is’ and ‘Have.’ These verbs are called auxiliary verbs and their primary function is to support the sentence, therefore they are known as helping verbs. Alongside the main verb, they give grammatical information which then adds extra information to the sentence.

 

Positive       You     Are          You are playing.

Question     Are     You          Are you playing?     What are you playing?

 

As seen in the questions above, the first verb (have/is/are) is always mentioned before the subject. Remember the subject has to always go after the verb for the question to be grammatically correct. This will be further displayed in the table below.

 

Positive statement 

Subject + Verb

 Question

Verb + Subject

I am happy                                                                                                                    Am I happy?That window is broken                                                                                              Is that window broken?She was      late                                                                                                                 Why was she late?

Ben has gone to the shop                                                                                         Where has Ben gone?

I have not been invited                                                                                             Have you been invited?

They will be eating later                                                                                          When will they be eating?

Katy can cook                                                                                                               Can Katy cook?

 

 

Do      

I/We/You/TheyDoes   He/She/It

  

Play/Run/Go/Wait etc…

Did   I/They/He/she etc.

 

 

Do…? Does…? Did…?


 

Present simple questions

Past simple questions

 

Positive statement  Question 
They enjoy playing sports.                                                                      Do they enjoy playing sports?

You phone friends.                                                                                   How often do you phone friends?            

Kara trains hard.                                                                                        Does Kara train hard?  

She travels on the train.                                                                          What time does she catch the train?       

They ate together.                                                                                    Did they eat together?               

Mark had work to do.                                                                              What did Mark have to do?     

Leanne woke up late.                                                                               What time did Leanne wake up?

 

As seen in the questions, ‘Do’ can sometimes act as the main verb.

 

Do they? Is it? Have you? Exercises..


 

Turn these phrases into questions.

 

  1. She can cook. ……Can she cook? (Example Answer)……………………………..

  2. Kelly works late ………………………………………………………………………………………

  3. They like their job ……………………………………………………………………………………

  4. Jenny has gone to collect the groceries ………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  5. Una lives in London ……………………………………………………………………………….

  6. Molly enjoys taking long bike rides ………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  7. He finds trains relaxing ……………………………………………………………………………

  8. Students are stressing because of their exams tomorrow ………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  9. She is going to watch a new film ……………………………………………………………

  10. It was a tiring day at work for her …………………………………………………………

 

 

Using the words provided, your task is to create new questions. Challenge yourself by adding extra information and opinions in the questions to make them more detailed.

 

  1. Have/ eaten ……Have you eaten lunch today……(Example Answer)……….

  2. Ever/ Broken ………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  3. Do/ enjoy ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  4. Ever/Danced/Concert …………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  5. Shopping/Yesterday ………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

 

 

The following words have been jumbled up; your task is to create a question by putting them in the correct order.

 

  1. Made/is/Bread/How …….How is bread made? ……. (Example Answer)…..

  2. Homework/Today/Why/Your/Is/Late ……………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  3. Window/Who/Bedroom/Broke/The ……………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  4. Yesterday/For Lunch/Emily/What/Eat/Did …………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  5. Kelly/A movie/To watch/The cinema/To/Went…………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

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