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I am doing (present continuous) I do (present simple)

For the present continuous we use ‘I am doing’. This means that the action is occurring at that time of speaking.

For example: ‘I am washing up.’

This means at the time when I said ‘I am washing up’ I was actually washing up.

For the present simple we use ‘I do’. This means that the action is not taking at this instant, however, the action takes place sometimes . Moreover, this means that when we use the present simple ‘I do’ we are speaking in the past tense.

 

 

Example: 
Mum is cleaning the kitchen. Present continuous.Mum is cleaning the kitchen right now.
Mum cleans the kitchen in the evening.  Present simple.Past tenseAction is not happening right now.

 

Examples of the present continuous:
I am eating a cheese and tomato sandwich.
Ben is tired from work. He is sleeping.
She is going out for dinner.
They are not listening to me.
We are having a sleepover at Elizabeth’s house.
You are not going out of this house until you have cleaned your room.
I am not watching the news. I want to watch Eastenders.
It is snowing.

 

Examples of the present simple:
My family wake up every morning at 6am.
Tom works on the weekend. He has to catch the train to go to work.
I cook on Sundays. I make roast chicken.
It doesn’t snow that much in January.
Kate goes to her cousin’s house every Friday night.
You don’t let me help in the kitchen.
They don’t eat breakfast on Sunday. They have brunch.
We don’t sit together at lunch.

 

Stative Verbs:

A verb is a stative verb when you cannot see the action/process happening because the action/process is happening in your head.

Therefore you cannot add -ing because -ing at the end of the verb is the present continuous and is when you can see the action happening.

Example:

     The verb ‘to know’ is a stative verb because you cannot see the action of someone knowing something. ‘To know’ something is a process that occurs in the head.

 

There are some verbs where you don’t use them in present continuous. ( You don’t say I am _____-ing)

These verbs are known as non continuous verbs or Stative verbs.

The more common name is Stative verbs.

 

Examples of these stative verbs that you cannot use in the present continuous are:

 

to know, to have, to see, to be, to believe, to suppose, to remember, to suppose, to appear, to hate, to like, to love, to prefer, to feel, to hear, to smell, to taste, to agree, to promise, to surprise, to imagine, to realise, to recognise, to remember, to understand, to need, to own, to want, to forget, to depend

 

The correct way is the present simple

 

Incorrect wayCorrect way
I was being happy.I was happy.
I am having a car.I have a car.
I am seeing a dog.I see a dog.
I am wanting a drink.I want a drink.
I am not believing you are right.I don’t believe you are right.
Is this bag belonging to you?Does this pen belong to you?
I am not hearing anything.I don’t hear anything.
It was seeming wrong.It seemed wrong.
I am preferring not to drink tea at night.I prefer not to drink tea at night.

 

 

I am doing (present continuous), I do (present simple) Exercises..


 

  1. Read the following paragraph about Jack and then answer the questions either responding with ‘Yes, he does’ , ‘No, he doesn’t’ , ‘Yes, he is’ , ‘No he isn’t’.

 

Jack is 26 years old. He has two sisters and no brothers. Jack is a teacher and works Monday-Friday. Every day he wakes up at 6 o’ clock in the morning to get to work. He doesn’t have a car so he has to wake up early to get the bus to the school that he works at. His mum cleans his room for him because, he has no time in the morning as he is rushing to get to work. He never has breakfast at home because he doesn’t have time. He gets to work early and so he has breakfast at the work.

 

  • Is Jack 25 years old? _____________________________________________________

  • Does Jack wake up at 9 o clock? ____________________________________________

  • Is he working tomorrow? _________________________________________________

  • Does he clean his own room? ______________________________________________

  • Does he drive a car? _____________________________________________________

  • Does he eat breakfast? ___________________________________________________

  • Is Jack a teacher? _______________________________________________________

  • Is Jack an engineer? ______________________________________________________

  • Does he eat breakfast at home? ____________________________________________

  • Is he early to work?______________________________________________________

  • Does he have a sister? ____________________________________________________

  • Does he have a brother? __________________________________________________

 

  1. Fill in the missing gap for the following present continuous sentences.

 

  • ____________________________ pizza.

  • ____________________________ my bedroom.

  • ____________________________to the supermarket.

 

  1. Fill in the missing gap for the following present simple sentences.

 

  • My brother __________ at 7pm.

  • She ____________ Spanish.

  • I _________ my homework at school.

 

  1. Name 3 stative verbs.

 

  • ______________________

  • ______________________

  • ______________________

 

Challenge: With the stative verbs you have mentioned above, write 5 sentences using each verb in each sentence.

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