I didn’t… Did you…? (past simple negative and questions)
|Infinitive verb||Positive (past simple)||Example |
|Walk||I walked||I walked to the post office.|
|Play||We played||We played tennis in the tennis court.|
|Improve||You improved||You improved your homework.|
|Eat||They ate||They ate fish and chips for lunch.|
|Sleep||He slept||He slept very late last night.|
|Jump||She jumped||She jumped over the fence.|
|Come||It came||It came in the post.|
|Infinitive verb||Negative||Example |
|Walk||I didn’t walk||I didn’t walk to school.|
|Play||We didn’t play||We didn’t play football in the football court.|
|Improve||You didn’t improve||You didn’t improve your handwriting.|
|Eat||They didn’t eat||They didn’t eat breakfast.|
|Sleep||He didn’t sleep||He didn’t sleep until 1am.|
|Jump||She didn’t jump||She didn’t jump on the trampoline.|
|Come||It didn’t come||It didn’t come in the post.|
|Question||Intransitive verb||Example: |
|Did I?||Walk||Did I walk to school yesterday?|
|Did we?||Play||Did we play in the park last Saturday?|
|Did you?||Improve||Did you improve your English essay?|
|Did they?||Eat||Did they eat all the sweets?|
|Did he?||Sleep||Did he sleep early?|
|Did she?||Jump||Did she jump on the sofa?|
|Did it?||Come||Did it come in the post?|
For past simple negative sentences and for questions…
We use the intransitive present tense verb form not the past tense verb.
This is because, in past simple negatives ‘did not’ consists of ‘did’ which is the irregular past tense verb for ‘to do’. In questions, the question begins with ‘did…’.
The use of ‘did’ makes it aware to people that it is past simple.
Do/does – present
Did – past
I don’t go to town very often. (=present simple)
I didn’t go to town yesterday. (=past simple)
I don’t watch television. (=present simple)
I didn’t watch television last weekend. (=past simple)
Does she go to the supermarket every day? (=present simple)
Did she go to the supermarket yesterday? (=past simple)
Does Tom eat at Pizza Hut? (=present simple)
Did Tom eat at Pizza Hut yesterday? (=past simple)
did + subject + infinitive
Did you eat lunch?
you = subject
eat = infinitive
Did you eat lunch?
she = subject
say = infinitive
Did you eat lunch?
your sister = subject
study = infinitive
No, I/we/you/they/he/she/it didn’t.
|Did you go to school yesterday?||Yes, I did.|
|Did they eat dinner?||No, they didn’t.|
|Did we play in the park last weekend?||Yes, we did.|
|Did she study in America?||Yes, she did.|
|Did he wake up early?||No, he didn’t.|
|Did mum and dad go to work on the train?||Yes, they did.|
|Did my brother come to your house yesterday?||No, he didn’t.|
I didn’t… Did you…? (past simple negative and questions) Exercises..
Use the infinitive verb given to create past simple positive sentences.
2. Complete the sentence using the appropriate intransitive verb.
met wake up woke up swam eat
He didn’t ________ until noon.
Emily and John _______ me in the park.
She didn’t _________ chips with her fish.
They _______ at 11am.
Mum _________ in the swimming pool in our back garden yesterday evening.
Read the following paragraph and then answer the questions with short answers.
Thomas went to the supermarket with his younger brother. His mum had sent him to the supermarket to buy milk and bread. Thomas found the milk but he couldn’t find the bread. He didn’t ask anyone where the bread was. Whilst looking for bread, Thomas and his younger brother came across the chocolates and sweets which made he forget about the bread. His younger brother got excited. Thomas bought a bagful of chocolates and sweets. When he got home, his mum shouted at him for not buying the bread.
Did Thomas go to the supermarket with his brother? ________________________
Did Thomas go to the supermarket with his older brother? ___________________
Did he buy the milk? __________________________________________________
Did he buy the bread? _________________________________________________
Did Thomas’ brother get excited at the supermarket? ________________________
Did Thomas get in trouble when he got home? ______________________________
. Did I____________________________________?
· Did you _________________________________?
· Did we__________________________________?
· Did they _________________________________?
Challenge: create your own questions.
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