The present perfect = (have/has + past participle)
We have eaten in this restaurant before.
She has jumped in the playground all lunchtime.
|I have / I’ve||I have finished eating my food.|
|We have / We’ve||We have done our homework.|
|You have / You’ve||You have improved your homework.|
|They have / They’ve||They have made their bed.|
|He has / He’s||He has gone to town.|
|She has / She’s||She has left the house already.|
|It has / It’s||It’s been raining since last weekend.|
|I have not / I haven’t||I haven’t cleaned my room.|
|We have not / We haven’t||We haven’t done our homework.|
|You have not / You haven’t||You haven’t made your bed.|
|They have not / They haven’t||They haven’t listened to me.|
|He has not / He hasn’t||He hasn’t slept all night.|
|She has not / She hasn’t||She hasn’t passed her driving test yet.|
|It has not / It hasn’t||It hasn’t snowed this year.|
|Have I ?||Have I done my homework correct?|
|Have we ?||Have we finished watching this programme?|
|Have you ?||Have you cooked dinner?|
|Have they ?||Have they cleaned their bedroom?|
|Has he ?||Has he gone to work?|
|Has she ?||Has she left the house already?|
|Has it?||Has it rained today?|
For regular verbs the past particle is -ed (this is the same as the past simple)
e.g cleaned, finished, started, listened
For irregular verbs the past particle is not -ed
These are the same as the past simple
e.g buy -> bought = I have bought…..
leave -> left = I have left……..
These are not the same as the past simple
e.g break -> I broke (past simple) -> I have broken (past participle)
go -> I went (past simple) -> I have gone (past participle)
The following tables shows some more examples of irregular verbs where the past simple is not the same as the past participle.
|Irregular verb||Past simple||Past participle|
|fall||I fell||I have fallen…|
|see||I saw||I have seen…|
|write||I wrote||I have written…|
|take||I took||I have taken…|
|speak||I spoke||I have spoken…|
|know||I knew||I have known…|
|give||I gave||I have given…|
|forget||I forgot||I have forgotten…|
|Fly||I flew||I have flown…|
|Eat||I ate||I have eaten|
|Do||I did||I have done…|
We use the present perfect for an action in the past with a result that is occurring now.
I’ve lost my passport. (This means I cannot find my passport right now)
She’s made her bed. (The bed is made right now)
He’s cleaned his room. (The room is clean right now)
They’ve gone to work. (They are at work right now)
I haven’t bought milk and bread from the supermarket. (I don’t have the milk and bread right now)
Where has Tom gone? (This is asking where Tom is right now)
Have you finished with the rubber? (This means do you still need to use the rubber right now)
They have left to go to town. (They are not home right now)
I have done (present perfect aspect 1) Exercises..
Complete the following present perfect sentences.
I have _____________________________________________________________
We have ___________________________________________________________
You have ___________________________________________________________
They have __________________________________________________________
He has _____________________________________________________________
She has _____________________________________________________________
It has _______________________________________________________________
Use the verb given to create negative present perfect sentences.
Complete the following table.
I have fallen…
I have taken…
I have known…
I have forgotten…
Challenge: Create your own questions beginning with ‘Have you…?’ then ask these questions to different family members.