Activity 3 – To Instruct
The most common type of text that instructs is recipes. Other types of
instructions can include: travel directions to and from different places and
instruction manuals that might tell you how to build/make/use something.
Below is an example of an instruction text for you to look at.
|Title||1. This is key, it lets the reader know exactly what the|
text is about.
2. It should be short and clear – to the point.
|Ingredients||1. This is essential for a recipe text as it tells the|
reader what they need to be able to complete the
instructions before they start.
2. If needed don’t forget to include amounts of
ingredients e.g 2 eggs, 150g plain flour.
|Utensils||1. This is also essential for a recipe text as the|
reader needs to know if they have everything to
2. For example when making meringues you need an
electric beater – if you don’t tell the reader that they
might start making it and then realise they don’t
|Method||1. This is the most important bit of the text.|
2. It should be clear and concise with each step put
as a new number.
3. Numbered points make it easy for reference and
knowing whereabouts in the recipe you are.
4. In instructions make good use of imperatives with
imperative verbs – Cut the bread, Spread the jam.
Not please would you mind cutting a slice of bread
for me, if it isn’t too much trouble spread a little
|Picture||1. Pictures/illustrations and diagrams are all very|
helpful for the reader. They can show the
ingredients, utensils or what the product should
look like at different stages so they can compare.