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On, at, by, with, about

On:


  • Mum and dad are going on holiday.

  • We watched the documentary on the television.

  • Dad listens to the news on the radio.

  • My sister is always on the phone to her best friend.

  • The kitchen is on fire.

  • You better be on time tomorrow.

  • Write your name on your homework.

  • Make a note of what you want on the board.

 

At:


 

  • My dad got married at the age of 26.

  • My little brother started walking at the age of 15 months.

  • She became a teacher at the age of 33.

  • Emma bought her own house at the age of 22.

  • The speed of the car was at 60mph.

  • A truck uses more petrol at 100km than a car.

  • Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.

  • Water freezes at 0 degrees Celsius.

  • The bus will arrive at 5:30.

  • The plane is going to leave at 8pm.

 

By:


When we talk about travel we use by:

 

  • I travel to school by car.

  • Do you like travelling by bus?

  • My sister goes to work by train.

  • My brother went to town by bike.

  • My grandparents feel sick when they travel by plane.

 

BUT… when you talk about travelling by foot, you CANNOT say by foot, you say on foot.

 

Example:

 

You can’t get there by bus. You have to go on foot. (= saying on foot means you have to walk)

 

 

We use by when saying who made something:

  • The book is by Jane Austin.

  • Have you read any books by JK Rowling?

  • I’m reading a book by Charlotte Bronte.

  • Have you seen any movies by Warner Brothers?

  • The movie is produced by Tom Cruise.

  • Have you heard that new song by Chris Brown?

  • Who is that song by?

  • Who is that painting by?

 

We use by after the passive:

  • My sister got bitten by a dog.

  • My mum’s car got hit by a police officer.

  • The cake was eaten by my sister.

  • The vase was smashed by Emma.

  • Josh was tackled by Jack in football.

 

 

With/Without:


 

We use with/without when talking about being accompanied by another or not:

 

  • Did you get the bus with your mum or with your friends?

  • I stayed the night with a few friends.

  • Sue went to the new restaurant in town with her family.

  • I’m going shopping with my mum.

  • Are you going to come with me?

  • My sister’s gone out with her boyfriend.

  • Don’t go without me.

  • Do you like your tea with or without sugar?

  • I can’t cut a slice of cake without a sharp knife.

  • Maria went on the train without her sister.

  • I can see the TV without my glasses.

 

 

We use with/without when talking about having or possessing something:

  • I want to buy a dress with flowers.

  • She wants a headband with a bow.

  • Do you know a man with a beard?

  • She’s wearing a dress without leggings.

  • Is there anyone in your class without a phone?

  • They have a bathroom without a toilet inside.

 

About:


Verb + about

  • They were talking about going on holiday at lunch.

  • Mum spoke about you to grandma.

  • I don’t know a lot about cars.

  • I don’t think about Josh anymore.

  • Did you hear about Sharon’s parents?

 

Noun + about

  • There was a programme about hurricanes on television.

  • There was a documentary about Martin Luther King.

  • We filled in a questionnaire about the government.

  • Did you have any information about Nick’s party?

  • Do you have any queries about your stay at our hotel?

 

On,  at,  by,  with,  about  Exercises..


 

  1. Fill in the missing gaps of the following sentences using the phrases given.

 

on holiday,   on the phone,   on fire,  on the radio,   on television,  on time

 

  • I’m ______________________ to your grandma.

  • There’s always good songs _________________________.

  • What’s _________________________?

  • Try to be here ______________________________.

  • Sue’s parents are going ________________________.

  • The house is _________________________.

 

  1. Complete the following sentences using by…..

 

  • I am going to Africa _______________________

  • My sister goes to work _____________________

  • My dad has gone to the supermarket _____________________

  • We are going shopping ________________________

  • They’re going Manchester ___________________________

  • The kids have gone to the park __________________________

 

 

  1. Complete the following sentences using by…. Use google to help you come up with some authors, artists etc if you struggle.

 

  • The book is ___________________________________________

  • The painting is ________________________________________

  • The song is ___________________________________

  • Have you read any books ________________________________________?

  • Have you see any paintings ______________________________________?

  • Have you heard any songs _______________________________________?

 

  1. Write 4 sentences using by after the passive.

  • _______________________________________________________________________________

  • _______________________________________________________________________________

  • ________________________________________________________________________________

  • ________________________________________________________________________________

 

  1. Fill in the missing gaps with either with or without.

 

  • Did you stay at a hotel or _________ friends?

  • Please don’t go ___________ me.

  • You can go ____________ me.

  • We told Linda to come __________ us shopping.

  • Do you like your coffee __________ or __________ sugar?

  • Are you coming __________ me?

  • Are you going ­____________ Susan to Michael’s party?

  • I cut the paper ________ a pair of scissors.

  • I can read that poster __________ my glasses.

  • I can’t watch television ____________ my glasses.

 

  1. Write down 4 sentences using with to illustrate having or possessing something.

 

  • ___________________________________________________________________________________

  • __________________________________________________________________________________

  • __________________________________________________________________________________

  • ___________________________________________________________________________________

 

Challenge: Use the words given to create your own sentences using about.

 

  • (talk) ____________________________________________________________________

  • (speak) __________________________________________________________________

  • (think) __________________________________________________________________

  • (hear) __________________________________________________________________

  • (know) _________________________________________________________________

  • (book) _________________________________________________________________

  • (question) ______________________________________________________________

  • (questionnaire) __________________________________________________________

  • (programme) ____________________________________________________________

  • (reality show) ____________________________________________________________

  • (information) ____________________________________________________________

 

 

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