> Where you are asked to ‘identify’ or ‘find’ a word or phrase, simply find
the answer without explaining it.
> Where you are given words or phrases directly from the text, and you
are asked to explain or interpret them, then do exactly this without
adding any further quote from the text.
> Some questions will require you to find a word or phrases and give an
explanation for it.Where a questions ask you to support your answer
using the evidence in the writing, then answer it in your words and
backing your explanations with the evidence.
> Paraphrasing is when you rewrite the text, summarizing the main points
in the text into your own words.
> It is fine to add a short quotation to your paraphrased sentences.
> Where a question does not ask you to pick out the words or phrases from
the text then you can paraphrase the text and examiners will reward you
(but try and use the evidence).
> Where you select a word or phrase directly from the writing, we call it a quotation.
> In a quote, you must use the exact words as in the text and use a quotation mark.
> Where a question reads ‘find’ or ‘copy’ use a short quote in your answer, for example:
Where there are more marks, you should always use the PEE technique which stands for point, evidence and explain. Some schools add an ‘L’ at the end which means link back your answer to the point.
So when you answer a question, make a point, back it up and explain it.
Jamil is brave and knows exactly what the next steps are. He tells his brother “set a side and the dragon will be finished”, which suggest that he is ready to fight the dragon and is not afraid to killit.
|SummaryThe two different ways of referring to a text is paraphrasing and quoting.|