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Learner Guide

Sentence Types – Interrogatives


Information:

There are four type of sentence type or sentence function.

1. Declarative

2. Imperative

3. Interrogative

4. Exclamatory.

Each has a different function a and is recognizable in different ways.

 

Learning Objective: To understand what an interrogative sentence is, to

                                        recognize them and to understand their function.

 

Definition

An interrogative sentence is a sentence in the form of a question. They

normally require answers. There are four main types of interrogatives.

1. Yes/No answer

2. Alternative answer

3. Wh-starters

4. Tag questions.

 

 

Example

What is the weather like today?

 

Explanation

This sentence is an interrogative because it asks a question. Specifically it is

an example of a wh- starter interrogative. It is asking about what the weather

is and so requires an answer, e.g Today the weather is cold.

 

How to spot them

Interrogative sentences are a question sentence and they are easy to spot.

They start with a capital letter and end in a question mark. They can be any

length though as long as they are asking a question.

1. Yes/no answer interrogative

⇒ Is that a cat?

 

This question requires a yes or no answer. Either the object is a cat or it is

not.

 

2. Alternative answer interrogative

Would you like tomato sauce on your chips or barbecue sauce?

⇒ This interrogative gives the person a choice of alternatives,

they can either have tomato or barbecue sauce on their chips.

 

3. Wh- starter interrogative

What is that in the sky?

⇒ Wh- starter questions often require longer answers with

description.

 

4. Tag question interrogative

I like chocolate, do you?

⇒ Tag interrogatives are the little questions at the end of a

    statement, e.g do you?

⇒ Another example would be, I would like some toast, would you?

 

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