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The people we met, the hotel you stayed at (relative clauses 2)

Example 1


 

The man is driving a black car. It’s very dirty.

These two sentences join to become one. It is replaced with -> that

The man is driving a black car that is very dirty.

OR you can say…

The black car the man is driving is very dirty.

So you can say it with or without that.

 

Example 2


 

Joshua won £200. What is he going to do with it?

These two sentences join to become one.

What is Joshua going to do with the £200 that he won?

OR you can say…

What is Joshua going to with the £200 he won?

So you can say it with or without that.

 

We the word order subject + verb + object is used you don’t need to use that/who/which.


 

SubjectVerbObjectExample with thatExample without that
The manwas carryinga bagThe bag that the man was carrying was heavy.The bag the man was carrying was heavy.
Louisawona dogThe dog that Louisa won was 2 years old.The dog Louisa won was 2 years old.
Theywantedsome sweetsThe sweets that they wanted me to buy were sold out.The sweets they were wanted me to buy were sold out.
Imeta womanThe woman that I met at the train station could speak four languages.The woman I met at the train station could speak our languages.

 

More examples:


  • Did you find the juice you wanted? (or did you find the juice that you wanted?)

  • The manager of the hotel we stayed at was very nice. (or the manager of the hotel that we stayed at was very nice)

  • The people we were in a group with were polite. (or the people that we were in a group with were polite)

  • Everything I said was true. (or everything that I said was true)

  • Did you make sure you locked the door? (or did you make sure that you locked the door?)

 

Prepositions – They define positions and relationships. Some examples:

to, in, at, under, over, of, for, before, into, on

 

Sometimes we use sentences where there is a preposition. We use the preposition after the verb.

Examples:

  • Do you know the woman Emma is talking to?

  • Do you know who’s dog is playing in our garden?

  • The supermarket we went to was round the corner.

  • The hotel we stayed at was near Asda.

  • The park we went to was on Bradford road.

  • The shop we went in to buy your bag was New Look.

  • Who is the boy jumping over the fence?

  • The boys ran away before I came outside.

 

When referring to a place we can say ‘where…’

When we say ‘where…’ there is no need to use a preposition.

 

Examples:

The hotel where we stayed was near Asda (= The hotel we stayed at was near Asda)

The park where we went was on Bradford road. (= The park went to was on Bradford road)

The supermarket where we went was round the corner. (= The supermarket we went to was round the corner)

You have to use who/that/which when it is the subject (look at previous topic)

It is only when referring to the object where you don’t have to use who/that/when

 

 

The people we met,  the hotel you stayed at (relative clauses 2) Exercises..


 

  1. From the two sentences give, make one sentences.

 

  • Helen bought a new dress. Have you seen it?

Have you seen… __________________________________________________________________

  • Steve took some photographs. Have you seem them?

Have you seen… __________________________________________________________________

  • You gave me a lipstick to borrow. I’ve lost it.

I’ve lost the… ____________________________________________________________________

  • I gave you a bag to borrow. Where is it?

Where is the… _____________________________________________________________________

 

 

  1. Convert the two sentences given into one sentence with ‘that’. Then change the sentence so that it doesn’t have ‘that’.

 

  • The man was carrying a bag. It was heavy.

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

  • Louisa won a dog. It was 2 years old.

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

  • They wanted some sweets. They were sold out.

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

  • I met a women at the train station. She could speak four languages.

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

 

  1. Name three prepositions.

 

  • __________

  • __________

  • __________

  • __________

  • __________

 

 

Challenge: Create 5 sentences where a preposition is used after the verb. Use the verb that is given.

 

  • (stayed) ____________________________________________________________________

  • (talking) ____________________________________________________________________

  • (went) _____________________________________________________________________

  • (ran) _______________________________________________________________________

  • (jumping) ___________________________________________________________________

 

 

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