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What …? Which …? How …?

When constructing questions with the word ‘What’ they can either be followed by a noun or without a noun.


What + Noun :

 

     What brand is your fridge?

     What measurement are you looking for?

     What kind of games are you interested in?

 

The other type of questions starting with the word ‘What’ can be followed by words from other word classes.

 

What + Pronouns/ Determiners/ Verbs etc.

 

     What’s her favorite dessert?

     What do you enjoy doing on the weekend?

 

Which + Noun (Things or people) :

 

     Which day can we meet up for coffee, Thursday or Saturday?

     Which jam do you prefer- strawberry or raspberry?

     Which players do you like the most- Messi or Ronaldo?

 

We also use ‘Which’ without being followed by a noun=n when asking about things.

 

Which is the faster car- Audi or BMW?

Which is the better phone, IPhone or Samsung?

 

When asking about a few specific things, or a small number of possibilities, the word ‘Which’ is used to start the question.

 

  • We can either travel by boat or Train. Which do you prefer?

  • There are four possible days to book an appointment. Which day would you like?

 

By using ‘What’ at the start of a question, there are endless possibilities and is a more general question.

 

  • What sort of movie do you like? (From all the genres of movies)

  • What is the busiest city in America? (From all the cities in America)

  • What flavor ice cream do you like? (From all the flavors of ice cream available)

 

In the following questions we can now compare how questions are constructed when using the words ‘which’ or ‘what.’

 

  • What color bag do you want?

 

Which color do you prefer, pink or purple?

 

  • What is the most popular country in the world?

 

Which is the most popular country, America, Spain or China?

 

When writing questions with ‘how’ you can use How + Adjective/ Adverb

 

  

 

How

 

 

 

Old are you?’ ‘I am 37 years old’

long is your hair’ ‘It is 8.5 inches’

Big is the garden?’ ‘It is 500 ’

often do you go to the gym’ ‘Once a week’

Much was the meal’ ‘It cost £34.50.’

Far is the train station from here.’ ‘It is two streets away.’

 

 

What…? Which…? How…? Exercises..


 

With the following statements, create your own question beginning with ‘What.’

 

 

  1. I’ve bought a new phone.

……………What brand is it? ………….. (Example Answer) ……………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. I want to buy a new book

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. I love watching films

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  1. I need to catch the train to Leeds

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. I enjoy eating food from around the world

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

 

 

Complete these questions using the word ‘Which …?’ Challenge yourself by adding extra information and opinions in the questions to make them more detailed.

 

 

  1. ……… Which country……… (Example Answer) ………………………………………… …………………………………………..should we go?

  2. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. do you want to watch?

  3. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………will they be arriving at?

  4. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..shall we use?

 

 

For the following questions, decide whether to use What/ Which/ Who/ How.

 

 

  1. ……………………………… is the name of the shop?

  2. ……………………………… chocolate do your prefer, bounty or flake?

  3. ……………………………… ingredients do you need?

  4. ……………………………… is pasta made, with flour or eggs?

  5. ……………………………… long since you have arrived in London?

  6. ……………………………… took you such a long time?

  7. ……………………………… many times have you been told to arrive on time?

  8. ……………………………… dropped you off at the sports centre?

  9. ……………………………… does the match start?

  10. ……………………………… dropped you off here?

 

 

Change the format of the following questions so that they begin with the word ‘How …?’

 

  1. Are you 70lb, 80lb or 90lb in weight?

……….How much do you weigh? ……………… (Example Answer) ……………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. Were you given £5, £10 or £15 change?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. Do you have takeaway food once, twice or more than twice a week?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  1. Is it 20 or 25 miles to London from here?

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

 

 

 

 

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