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Will / Shall-1

The words will and shall are known as modal verbs.

 

Will


will + infinitive

 

‘ll -> will

Won’t -> will not

 

WillInfinitiveExample
I will / I’llTo goI’ll go with you to the dentist.
We will / We’llTo eatWe will eat dinner together.
You will / You’llTo listenYou will listen to me.
They will / They’llTo eatThey will eat whatever I cook for them.
He will / He’llTo cryHe will cry if I take his toys away.
She will / She’llTo winShe will win the competition.
It will /  It’llTo rainIt will rain in the night.

 

 

Will notInfinitiveExample
I will not / I won’tTo comeI will not come with you.
We will not / We won’tTo fightWe promise we will not fight with each other.
You will not / You won’tTo beYou will not be allowed to go to the party if you misbehave.
They will not / They won’tTo listenThey won’t listen to me.
He will not / He won’tTo beHe won’t be able attend the meeting.
She will not / She won’tTo haveShe will not have anyone over at her house.
It will not / It won’tTo rainIt won’t rain tomorrow.

 

 

Questions:Example
Will I?Will I be able to come with you tomorrow?
Will we?Will we have a cold winter this year?
Will you?Will you marry me?
Will they?Will they ever stop talking?
Will he?Will he shout if we talk too loud?
Will she?Will she win a prize if she wins the competition?
Will it?Will it rain tomorrow morning?

 

We usually use ‘will’ for the future.

 

Examples:

  • We will go on holiday together one day.

  • She will travel across the world.

  • It will snow later this month.

  • My sister will probably go out in the evening with her friends.

  • Susan will have her tea at her grandma’s house tomorrow.

  • I’ll be at home at 7pm so you can call me around that time.

  • If you don’t finish your food, your brother will eat it in the night.

  • I’ll drink a cup of tea after I finish cleaning up.

  • We often say I think _____________ will ______________

 

Examples:

  • I think it will snow tomorrow.

  • I don’t think Emma will be back home until late.

  • I don’t think I will wake up early tomorrow.

  • I think Josh will win the swimming competition

  • Do you think the exam will be hard?

  • Do you think our teach will arrive late to lesson?

  • I think tomorrow will be sunny.

  • I don’t think my aunty will have a big wedding.

  • We do not use will for things we have already decided to do

 

Example: I am not working tomorrow. (not I will not work tomorrow, because I have already decided that I will not be working tomorrow)

 

More examples:

  • We’re going to the park to play football. (not we will go to the park to play football)

  • Are you going to go to Josh’s birthday party? (not will you go to Josh’s birthday party)

  • I’m not having a race with you. (not I won’t have a race with you)

  • He’s not jumping on the trampoline. (not He won’t jump on the trampoline)

 

Shall


You can say

 

I shall…

We shall…

 

You cannot say

 

You shall…

They shall…

He shall…

She shall…

It shall…

 

I shall = I will

We shall = We will

Examples:

 

ShallWill
I shall be late home.I will be late home
I shall eat dinner at 8pm.I will eat dinner at 8pm
We shall arrive at the airport just after noon.We will arrive at the airport just after noon.
We shall eat out for lunch.We will eat out for lunch.

 

 

Will / Shall  1  Exercises..


 

  1. What is the contraction for:

 

  • I will __________________

  • He will ________________

  • They will _______________

  • She will not ______________

  • We will not ______________

  • It will not ________________

 

  1. Complete the following sentences. Remember to use the infinitive.

 

  • I will _________________________________________________________________

  • We will _______________________________________________________________

  • You will _______________________________________________________________

  • They will _______________________________________________________________

  • It will _________________________________________________________________

  • She will ________________________________________________________________

  • He will __________________________________________________________________

 

  1. Change the sentences you have created in Exercise 2 so that they become negative e.g I will -> I will not

 

  • I will ________________________________________________________________________

  • We will _______________________________________________________________________

  • You will _______________________________________________________________________

  • They will ______________________________________________________________________

  • It will __________________________________________________________________________

  • She will ________________________________________________________________________

  • He will _________________________________________________________________________

 

  1. Fill in the missing gaps to create your own sentences.

 

You may use the following verbs: be, pass, rain, cry, win, eat, go

 

  • I think _____________________ will ______________________________________

  • I think _____________________ will _______________________________________

  • I think _____________________will ________________________________________

  • I think _____________________ will ________________________________________

  • I think _____________________ will ________________________________________

 

  1. We do not use will for things we have already arranged or decided to do. The following sentences are incorrect. Your job is to change them so that they are correct.

 

Example: I am not working tomorrow. (not I will not work tomorrow, because I have already decided that I will not be working tomorrow)

 

  • I won’t go horse riding tomorrow _____________________________________________________________________________

  • We will go to the fun fair on Saturday _____________________________________________________________________________

  • Will you do the homework? _____________________________________________________________________________

 

  1. Put a tick or a cross in regards to which is correct and incorrect to use.

 

I shall 
You shall 
They shall 
We shall 
He shall 
It shall 
She shall 

 

Challenge:

I will = I shall

We will = We shall

 

Create 5 sets of sentences

Example:

I shall be late tomorrow.

I will be late tomorrow.

 

  • _________________________________________________________________________

  • _________________________________________________________________________

  • _________________________________________________________________________

  • _________________________________________________________________________

  • _________________________________________________________________________

  • _________________________________________________________________________

  • _________________________________________________________________________

  • _________________________________________________________________________

  • _________________________________________________________________________

  • _________________________________________________________________________

 

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