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Work/ Working Go/Going Do/Doing

Work/Go/Be etc. are infinitives. The infinitive firm of a verb is a verbs most basic form, it can also usually be preceded with the word ‘to.’


 

We use the infinitives will/can/must etc.:

 

Infinitive Example
WillLisa will be opening her own shop
Shall I shall let you know tomorrow.
Might She might not be able to attend.
May Ken may listen to his parents instead of us.
Can He can drive us to the park.
CouldOliver could bake the cakes for the event.
Must They must be told about this.
Should We should choose this sofa.
Would I hope they would enjoy the holiday surprise.

 

 

We use the infinitive do/does/did:

 

 

InfinitiveExample
Do/Does(Present simple)Do you want to go to dinner?I don’t understand the rules.She does want to come.

Mary doesn’t have time tomorrow.

Did(Past Simple)Karen did wave goodbye.I didn’t have time to complete the form.

 

 

We use the infinitive to work/to go/to be etc. (to + infinitive).

 

To + infinitiveExample
 I’m going to …I’m going to order the chicken.What are they going to cook?
I have to … I have to leave nowWe all have to leave.
I want to …Do you want to go swimming?They didn’t want to come swimming with us
I would like to … I would like to buy a new handbag.Would you like to join them?
I used to …Ellen used to watch East Enders.

 

 

We use the infinitives working/going/playing etc.

 

Verb + Continuous formExample
Am/is/are + ing (Present Continuous) Please wait for me; I’m finishing the work now.Kelly isn’t running for the race.What time are we arriving?
Was/Were + ing (Past continuous)She was vomiting, so we booked an appointment.They were doing the gardening for me.

 

 

 

Work/ Working    Go/Going    Do/Doing   Exercises..


 

For the following exercise you need to choose whether to write either ‘Ask Lisa’ or ‘To ask Lisa.’ You need to choose which is the appropriate phrase to complete the sentence.

 

  1. I’ll …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  2. I’m going ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  3. Can you ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  4. You must ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  5. We might ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  6. I want …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  7. They should …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  8. Do I have ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

  9. They’d like ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  10. Shall we ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

 

 

For the following exercise, complete the sentence with a verb from the box. Sometimes you need the infinitive (Leave/ Watch etc.) and sometimes you need –ing (Leaving/ Watching etc.)

 

 

Leave/Leaving

Watch/Watching

Work/Working

Cook/Cooking

Go/Going

Drive/Driving

Listen/Listening

Buy/Buying

 

 

  1. Please wait for me outside the office. I’m ………………………………. right now.

  2. Does Emily ………………………. to work every day instead of taking the bus?

  3. Can we go to the cinema tonight? I want to ……………………………………….. a movie tonight.

  4. Lisa and I can’t come to the party today, we have to …………………………….

  5. What would you guys like to eat? I’m ……………………………………….. for everyone.

  6. When shall I ………………………… to the bank?

  7. You should ……………………………… to what your teachers say at parents evening.

  8. I enjoy ………………………………. lunch for all my family on Sundays.

 

 

Create your own sentences using infinitive verbs and verbs ending in -ing. Challenge yourself by adding extra information and opinions in the sentences to make them more detailed.

 

 

  1. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  2. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  3. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  4. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

 

 

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