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Writing to Advise

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Step 1: GMAPS, The Very Useful Acronym.


G Genre1.This refers to what type of document it is:○ newspaper article, formal letter, email, written speech 
M Mode 1. This refers to how the document will be delivered
○ Will it be spoken to someone (planned speech)
○ Will it be read (newspaper article, email, letter)
AAudience 1. Who is the text aimed at? Who will see, read or hear it?
○ adults, teenages, school children, teachers,
professionals, politicians, mothers, friends, strangers
PPurpose 1. What is the point of the text?
2. As a persuasive text it is to persuade people to your opinion
on a subject.
3. What is its specific purpose?
○ positive, negative, inform
S Style1. Is it a very formal text?
2. Is it chatty and casual?
3. How will this be reflected in your choice of vocabulary


If you consider all of these points when planning you give yourself the basic

framework for a successful advice text. In exams these types of plans are

very useful as they are quick to make and easy to refer back to.

Below are some suggestions as to how you could construct a GMAPS plan:



1 2 3 4 5 6 7


Related topics

Writing a Formal Letter                                               Writing an Informal Letter

Writing a Review                                                            Non-Fiction Texts