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Writing to Argue

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Our Online Advanced Placement (AP) tutors can

explain Some Useful language Techniques:

a) Rhetorical Questions

b) Emotive Language

c) Power of 3

d) Repetition

f) Facts and Figures

g) Opinion

h) Anecdotes

i) Formal vocabulary

j) Irony/Sarcasm

k) Oxymoron

l) Jargon (words specific to your topic e.g wifi is specific to technology)

m) Pun


How can you structure and plan a Writing to Argue text?


1. Before you begin writing a text you must always plan it. Take 5-10

minutes to collect your ideas and form a coherent plan. By doing this you

can organised your thoughts and prevent unnecessary repetition.


2. Use the helpful acronym GMAPS to help you plan your Writing to

Argument text.Each letter represents an important aspect you must consider

to write a successful argument.

⇒ G = Genre ⇒ M = Mode ⇒ A = Audience ⇒ P = Purpose ⇒ S = Style


Step 1: GMAPS, The Very Useful Acronym.


 G  Genrea) This refers to what type of document it is: ○ newspaper article, formal letter, email, written speech
 M  Modea) This refers to how the document will be delivered ○ Will it be spoken to someone (planned speech) ○ Will it be read (newspaper article, email, letter)
 A               Audience a) Who is the text aimed at? Who will see, read or hear it? ○ adults, teenages, school children, teachers, professionals, politicians, mothers
 P  Purpose a) What is the point of the text? b) As an argument text it is to influence and educate and inform c) What is its specific purpose? ○ positive, negative, inform, advise
 S  Stylea) Is it a very formal text? b) Is it chatty and casual? c)How will this be reflected in your choice of vocabulary?


If you consider all of these points when planning you give yourself the basic 

framework for a successful argument. In exams these types of plans are very

useful as they are quick to make and easy to refer back to. Below are some

suggestions as to how you could construct a GMAPS plan:


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Writing to Persuade                                                    Writing a Formal Letter

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