Table of Contents
Week 1 | English Grammar
Week 2 | English Grammar
Week 3 | English Grammar
Week 4| English Grammar
Week 5| English Grammar
Week 6| English Grammar
Week 7| English Grammar
Week 8| English Grammar
Week 9| English Grammar
Week 10| English Grammar
Week 11| English Grammar
Week 12| English Grammar
Week 13| English Grammar
ENGLISH – COMPLEX SENTENCES – KS2
Learning Objective: To understand what a complex sentence is and to be able to recognise them.
A complex sentence is a sentence made up of two different types of clauses. It contains a main clause (a simple sentence) and a subordinate clause (a sentence which does not make sense by itself).
The main clause provides the topic of the sentence, the subordinate clause adds extra detail and information afterwards.
Lucy understood her work when her online tutor helped her.
This complex sentence can be broken down into a main clause or simple sentence “Lucy understood her work” and the subordinate clause “when her online tutor helped her”.
Remember you can check if it is a subordinate clause by seeing if it makes sense when read alone.“When her online tutor helped her” does not make sense on its own so we know it is a subordinate clause and so the whole sentence is a complex sentence.
|Alex didn’t like to go outside when it was cold.||There was snow everywhere and Joel liked snow.|
|He saw birds in the sky and leaves on the ground.||The drink spilled over the carpet.|
|Flower normally don’t die unless you pick them.||Where Daniel was the music was very loud.|
|She plays the violin quietly.||Lucy can run faster than Susy can.|
Look carefully at the sentences below. They are all examples ofcomplex sentences. Try breaking them down into their main clause and subordinate clause.
Example: The online tutor was there to help the tutee when they needed it.
Answer: Main clause: The online tutor was there to help the tutee, subordinate clause: when they needed it
Explanation: “The online tutor was there to help the tutee” is a main clause because it makes sense as a single sentence. “When they needed it” is a subordinate clause because it does not make sense as a single sentence.
|Simple Sentences||Subordinate Clauses|
|The days were long.||Unless it is an American football.|
|Lucy did not like apples.||Because teachers teach you there.|
|Footballs are round.||Who needed help with their work.|
|The online tutor helped the student.||That were green.|
|Fruit and vegetables are good.||Because it was summer.|
|School is where you learn.||When they are eaten fresh.|