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ENGLISH – COMPOUND SENTENCES – KS2

Learning Objective:  To understand what a compound sentence is, to be able to  recognise them and to distinguish them from simple sentences.

Definition

A compound sentence is a sentence made up of two or more simple sentences. These two or more simple sentences are normally joined together by a coordinator such as “and” “but” “or”. If a compound sentence is divided the parts will each make sense as smaller sentences on their own

Example

The student found his online tutoring work hard but he knew his online tutor would help him.

Explanation

This compound sentence can be broken down into two simple sentences “ The student found his online tutoring work hard.” and “He knew his online tutor would help him.” with “but” as the coordinator joining them together. Importantly both simple sentences make sense on their own.

General Formula

Compound sentence = simple sentence + and/but/or + simple sentence*

*as many simple sentences as you like can be used

Activity 1

Can you think of some examples of compound sentences? Try and write three below:
1.
2.
3.

What is a compound sentence?

Activity 2

Identify the simple sentences from the table below with an S, the compound sentences with a C and the complex sentences with an X.
 The tutor helped the student. The car stopped quickly. Katie liked chocolate but she gave it to her brother. There are twenty four hours in a day. Bananas grow on trees. Autumn comes after Summer but before Winter. Peter played football and went swimming twice a week. Adam usually goes running after work but today he was ill.

2. Why are the sentences you have crossed ✗ not examples of compound sentences? What type of sentences are they instead?

Activity 3

Read this text carefully and then identify the compound sentences Read this text carefully and then identify the compound sentences within it. Be careful, read slowly and check your answers. Remember compound sentences are two simple sentences joined together with a coordinator normally “and” “but” “or”.

Activity 4

Look carefully at the sentences below. They are examples of simple sentences. Using the coordinators “and” “but” “or” and anymore you can think of join them together the create compound sentences

Example: Peter was tired. He had to go to school.

1. The rain was falling very heavily. Lucy stayed inside to do her online tuition.

2. Oliver found English difficult. He practiced some every day.

3. Some trees lose their leaves in winter. Some trees stay green.

Activity 5

There are five coordinators or coordinating conjunctions that join the simple sentences together. These are: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. Below think and write seven compound sentences each using a different coordinating conjunction.
In each sentence underline the simple sentence aspects and circle the coordinating conjunction.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

1 2 3 4 5 6

“When life puts you in tough situations,
don’t say “why me” say “try me”.”

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