Energy Resources and their Uses


  • non-renewable energy resources = fossil fuels and nuclear fuels (uranium and plutonium) = natural resources which form underground over millions of years= they will run out one day= they are burnt to provide energy = they all do damage to our environment
  • 3 main fossil fuels are: coal, oil and natural gas
  • Renewable energy resources = will never run out = energy is renewed as it is used = do damage the environment but in a less nasty way = don’t provide as much energy as unreliable
  • Renewable energy resources are: sun, wind, water waves, hydro-electricity, bio-fuel, tides, geothermal
  • Fuel is used for transportation
  • 1. Non-renewable energy resources: petrol and dieseloil, coal is used in some steam trains to boil water → steam.

    2. Renewable energy resources: vehicles which run on bio-fuels

  • Energy resources used for heating homes:
  • 1.Non-renewable energy resources: natural gas → heat water → pumped into radiators, coal used in fireplaces, electric heaters = electricity generated from non-renewable energy resources

    2. Renewable energy resources: geothermal heat pump = geothermal energy resources to heat buildings, solar water heaters = sun to heat water = pumped into radiators.

How long have you…? (present perfect 4) Exercises




Use the information given to create questions beginning with ‘How long…?’

• It is snowing.

• The weather is shining.

• John and Kate are married.

• My brother has gone on holiday.

• My aunty and uncle live in Canada.

• My sister is a teacher.

• I work at the chemist.

• I’ve known Susan since I was a baby.

• Jonathan is learning to speak to Mandarin.




Fill in the missing gaps in the sentences using the present perfect (=has/have + past participle)

• I have known Kate a long time.

• My brother has been playing the piano he was 11 years old.

• My mum and dad on holiday to America. They

gone since last Sunday.

• I Ben and Emma since primary school.

We to the same primary and secondary school.

• My sister learning to speak French because she
is going to France next month.



Use the appropriate words in the missing gaps.

have you lived       lives      to

has been       works        have known

I have bought       have worked.

• My sister in Spain. She is studying Spanish

with her friend Rosie. I Rosie since I was 5.

• Spencer like with Jamie. They have worked

together for 2 years.

• How long in Australia?

• a new dress for prom.

• He to Thorpe park.



Challenge: Create 4 of your own questions beginning with ‘How long……?’








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“Every accomplishment starts 
With the decision to try.” Gail Dever

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