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Forces and Movement

• A push or a pull force is felt when two objects interact
• An actual force can’t be seen, only its effects can be seen.
• Measured in NEWTONS, N. A newton meter can be used to measure forces.
• Act in pairs in a certain direction

Forces can make objects do 5 things:

1. Speed up / start moving – push force must be larger than resisting forces.

2. Slow down / stop moving – drag or air resistance.

3. Change direction.

4. Turn.

5. Change shape – stretching and compressing, bending and twisting.

• Balanced forces produce no change in movement.
• Unbalanced forces change the speed / direction of the moving objects.

How long have you…? (present perfect 4) Exercises

Use the information given to create questions beginning with ‘How long…?’

• It is snowing.

• The weather is shining.

• John and Kate are married.

• My brother has gone on holiday.

• My aunty and uncle live in Canada.

• My sister is a teacher.

• I work at the chemist.

• I’ve known Susan since I was a baby.

• Jonathan is learning to speak to Mandarin.

Fill in the missing gaps in the sentences using the present perfect (=has/have + past participle)

• I have known Kate a long time.

• My brother has been playing the piano he was 11 years old.

• My mum and dad on holiday to America. They

gone since last Sunday.

• I Ben and Emma since primary school.

We to the same primary and secondary school.

• My sister learning to speak French because she
is going to France next month.

Use the appropriate words in the missing gaps.

have you lived       lives      to

has been       works        have known

I have bought       have worked.

• My sister in Spain. She is studying Spanish

with her friend Rosie. I Rosie since I was 5.

• Spencer like with Jamie. They have worked

together for 2 years.

• How long in Australia?

• a new dress for prom.

• He to Thorpe park.

Challenge: Create 4 of your own questions beginning with ‘How long……?’

1.

2.

3.

4.

1 2 3 4 5 6

“Every accomplishment starts
With the decision to try.” Gail Dever

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