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Parent’s Guide Common Standards

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Educational experts and teachers

In an increasing global world, American High schools students are entering

a world in which colleges and businesses require more skills than ever before.

The Common Core State Standards establishes a clear, consistent guidelines

for what each child is expected to know in math and English language arts

– from kindergarten through 12th grade.


Educational experts and teachers from across the country have designed the

standards and provided guidelines to teachers which ensures pupils are

prepared for life in America today, after High school. These include entry-level

careers, freshman-level college courses, and workforce training programs.

The Common Core focuses on developing the critical-reasoning-and-thinking

skills, which are needed in today’s challenging work environment.Most states

have voluntarily adopted the common standards.


Teachers are able to use the new standards to measure student progress

during the course of the school year and make sure that students are on the

path to achievement in their academic careers.


The Standards

Using the existing state standards, experts and teachers have developed the

Common Core State Standards that provide clear, understandable and

consistent goals on what students are expected to learn at each grade level,

so that every parent, teacher and pupil can understand progress and develop

the right areas in learning and linked to college and career skills. A key focus

on the common standards is based on rigorous content and the application

of knowledge through higher-order thinking skills and informed by other

top-performing countries in education to establish our students for success

in our global economy and society. This will ensure that American students

make good progress each year and leave high school with sound skills to

succeed in college, career, and life.


Although the standards set grade-specific goals,the common standards do not

prescribe how teachers should deliver the teaching to order to meet the

standards or which resources and activities should be used to teach the

students. Special needs and English language learners, will require special

support so that they can master the common standards. As learning rates and

achievements vary in the classroom the standards are a sign pots to reflect

the range of abilities.Full flexibility is provided for states to define the full range

of supports appropriate for these students to pave the way to the aim of

college and career readiness for all pupils.


What are educational standards?

The standards are used by teacher in elementary school to High school so

children share the same learning goals. It covers what students should be

taught, the skills and knowledge they need to be able to do at each grade

level in English language arts and mathematics.


What is the Common Core?

Common core was designed by education experts, governors in 48 states.

These clearly set the standards that children ought to achieve by college

making them career-ready. Voluntarily, 43 states have chosen to implement

the standards. These standards are designed to prepare students completing

high school to take introductory courses in two- or four-year college programs

or move into the workforce society.


Which bodies directed the development of  the

Common core state standards?

The National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (NGA) and the

Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO), directed the development of

the Common Core State Standards. These governors and educational

commissioners continue to direct the initiative.


Key voice was provided by state leaders, teachers, parents, school

administrators, and experts from across the 48 states, provided key input in

influencing the design and development of the standards.


States and schools have the freedom to decide how to implement the

Common Standards. Freedom includes: how the common standards are

taught, how the curriculum is developed, and the freedom to select resources

used to support teaching to help students reach the standards.


Were teachers involved  in the creation of the


Yes. Across the country, teacher’s voice influenced the design and

development of the standards. Teachers were involved in the development

process, serving on the Work Groups and Feedback Groups for the ELA

and math standards. Other instrumental organisations that brought teachers

together were: The National Education Association (NEA), American

Federation of Teachers (AFT), National Council of Teachers of Mathematics

(NCTM), and National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE).


These teachers provided regular feedback on drafts of the standards and

provided invaluable input on the Common Core State Standards throughout

the two public comment periods.

Why are the common core  state standards important

The Common Core State Standards are important because it brings

consistency in state standards which previously varied significantly from state

to state. These consistent standards across states presents teachers, parents,

and students with a set of clear goals which are aligned with life after high

school. The Common Core enables collaboration among states on:

development textbooks, digital media, and other teaching resources, having

a common assessment system that replaces the range of varied systems

that existed allowing the measurement of student performance across states.


Who was involved in the development of the common

core state standards?

Across the country, only those in the educational field collaborated to develop

the Common Core State Standard. These include collaboration with: teachers,

educational researchers, and leading educational experts. The decision to

adopt the Common Core Standard was left to the state and local school

teachers, principals, and superintendents directed the implementation of the

Common Core in their states.


The federal government was not included in the design and development of

the Common Core State Standards.

What guidance do the common care  state standards

provide to teaches?

At each grade level, the Common Core State Standards provide a set of

shared goals and expectations and establish what students need to learn, but

they do not prescribe how teachers should so that instructions and curriculum

can be personalized to the individual needs of the pupils in their classrooms.

How to the  common core state standards compare to

previous state education standards?

An evidence based approach was taken where: developers took the best

state standards in the country; inspecting the standards of high-performing

countries around the globe and setting a bench marking system; and

aligning this with findings from academic research literature on what is

needed in college, career, and life. Consultation with teachers and parents

from across the country, and arriving at a general consensus was vital in

producing representative standards for the classroom.


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