ENGLISH - COMPLEX SENTENCES – KS2 | Improve Tuition | Tutors | Tuition | Tutoring | Tutor
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Table of Contents

Week 1 | English Grammar

Day 1| Auxiliary verbs

Day 2 |Am/is/are

Day 3 |Am/is/are Questions

Day 4 |I am doing (present continuous)

Day 5 |Are you doing? (present continuous questions)

Day 6 |I do/work/like (present simple)(present continuous questions)

Week 2 | English Grammar

Day 1 |I don't... (present simple negative)

Day 2 |Do you...? (present simple questions)

Day 3 |I am doing (present continuous) I do (present simple)

Day 4 |I have... and I've got...

Day 5 |Was/were

Day 6 |Worked/got/went etc (past simple)

Week 3 | English Grammar

Day 1 |I didn't... did you...? (past simple negative and questions)

Day 2 |I was doing (past continuous)

Day 3 |I was doing (past continuous) and I did (past simple)

Day 4 |I have done (present perfect 1)

Day 5 |I've just... I've already... I haven't...yet (present perfect 2)

Day 6 |Have you ever...? (present perfect 3)

Week 4| English Grammar

Day 1 |How long have you...? (present perfect 4)

Day 2 |For, since, ago

Day 3 |I have done (present perfect) and I did (past)

Day 4 |Is done, was done (passive 1)

Day 5 |Is being done, has been done (passive 2)

Day 6 |Be/have/do in present and past tenses

Week 5| English Grammar

Day 1 |Regular and irregular verbs

Day 2 |What are you doing tomorrow?

Day 3 |I'm going to...

Day 4 |Will/shall (1)

Day 5 |Will/shall (2)

Day 6 |Might

Week 6| English Grammar

Day 1 |Can and could

Day 2 |Must, mustn't, don't, need to

Day 3 |Should

Day 4 |I have to

Day 5 |Would you like...?

Day 6 |Do this! Don't do that! Let's do that

Week 7| English Grammar

Day 1 |I used to...

Day 2 |There is... There are...

Day 3 |There was/were... There has/have been... There will be...

Day 4 |It...

Day 5 |I am, I don't

Day 6 |Have you? Are you? Don't you? etc

Week 8| English Grammar

Day 1 |Too/either/so am I/neither do I etc

Day 2 |Isn't/haven't/don't etc (negatives)

Day 3 |Do they? Is it? Have you?

Day 4 |Forming questions (who/what/why/where/when/which)

Day 5 |What...? Which...? How...?

Day 6 |How long does it take...?

Week 9| English Grammar

Day 1 |Do you know where...? I don't know what... etc

Day 2 |He/she said that... He/she told me that...

Day 3 |Work/working Go/going Do/doing

Day 4 |I want you to... I told you to...

Day 5 |I went to the shop to...

Day 6 |Go to... Go on... Go for... Go -ing... Get…

Week 10| English Grammar

Day 1 |Get...

Day 2 |Do and make

Day 3 |Have...

Day 4 |I/me He/him They/them etc

Day 5 |My/his/their etc

Day 6 |Whose is this? It's mine/yours/hers etc

Week 11| English Grammar

Day 1 |Myself/yourself/themselves etc

Day 2 |A/an...

Day 3 |Singular & plural

Day 4 |The...

Day 5 |Go to...

Day 6 |This/that/these/those

Week 12| English Grammar

Day 1 |Some & any

Day 2 |All/most/some/any/no/none etc

Day 3 |Adjectives

Day 4 |Adverbs

Day 5 |Imperatives

Day 6 |And but or so because

Week 13| English Grammar

Day 1 |When...

Day 2 |If we go... if you see... etc

Day 3 |If I had... If we went... etc

Day 4 |A person who... A thing that/which (relative clauses 1)

Day 5 |How long have you…?(present perfect 4)

Day 6 |For since ago


Learning Objective: To understand what a complex sentence is and to be able to recognise them.


A complex sentence is a sentence made up of two different types of clauses. It contains a main clause (a simple sentence) and a subordinate clause (a sentence which does not make sense by itself).


The main clause provides the topic of the sentence, the subordinate clause adds extra detail and information afterwards.


Lucy understood her work when her online tutor helped her.


This complex sentence can be broken down into a main clause or simple sentenceLucy understood her work” and the subordinate clause “when her online tutor helped her”.

Remember you can check if it is a subordinate clause by seeing if it makes sense when read alone.“When her online tutor helped her” does not make sense on its own so we know it is a subordinate clause and so the whole sentence is a complex sentence.




Activity 1

Can you think of any examples of a complex sentence? Try and write three below:

What is a complex sentence?

Activity 2

Identify the simple sentences from the table below with an S, the compound sentences with a C and the complex sentences with an X.
Alex didn’t like to go outside when it was cold. There was snow everywhere and Joel liked snow.
He saw birds in the sky and leaves on the ground. The drink spilled over the carpet.
Flower normally don’t die unless you pick them. Where Daniel was the music was very loud.
She plays the violin quietly. Lucy can run faster than Susy can.

Activity 3



Look carefully at the sentences below. They are all examples ofcomplex sentences. Try breaking them down into their main clause and subordinate clause.


Example: The online tutor was there to help the tutee when they needed it.

Answer: Main clause: The online tutor was there to help the tutee, subordinate clause: when they needed it

Explanation: “The online tutor was there to help the tutee” is a main clause because it makes sense as a single sentence. “When they needed it” is a subordinate clause because it does not make sense as a single sentence.


1. Because I went to bed late, I was tired the next day.


Main clause:

Subordinate clause:


2. We cycled as fast as he did on his bike.


Main clause:

Subordinate clause:


3. Adam decided that he had watched too much television for one day.


Main clause:

Subordinate clause:


4. There was a lady playing the piano who did not normally play it.


Main clause:

Subordinate clause:


5. We made more cookies than the other group made.


Main clause:

Subordinate clause:


6. If we work hard at our online tuition we can improve our grades.


Main clause:

Subordinate clause:

Activity 4


Read the simple sentences from column one then choose a matching subordinate clause from column two. Rewrite the new sentence out full underneath.


Simple Sentences Subordinate Clauses
The days were long. Unless it is an American football.
Lucy did not like apples. Because teachers teach you there.
Footballs are round. Who needed help with their work.
The online tutor helped the student. That were green.
Fruit and vegetables are good. Because it was summer.
School is where you learn. When they are eaten fresh.




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Stop when you are done!”

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