Do they? Is it? Have you?


In this topic we will be looking at the verbs ‘Do’ ‘Is’ and ‘Have.’ These verbs are called auxiliary verbs and their primary function is to support the sentence, therefore they are known as helping verbs. Alongside the main verb, they give grammatical information which then adds extra information to the sentence.

POSITIVE        You     Are          You are playing.

Question         Are     You          Are you playing?     What are you playing?

As seen in the questions above, the first verb (have/is/are) is always mentioned before the subject. Remember the subject has to always go after the verb for the question to be grammatically correct. This will be further displayed in the table below.

Do they? Is it? Have you?

As seen in the questions, ‘Do’ can sometimes act as the main verb.

Exercises

Turn these phrases into questions.

  1. She can cook. ……Can she cook? (Example Answer)……………………………..
  2. Kelly works late ………………………………………………………………………………………
  3. They like their job ……………………………………………………………………………………
  4. Jenny has gone to collect the groceries ………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  5. Una lives in London ……………………………………………………………………………….
  6. Molly enjoys taking long bike rides ………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  7. He finds trains relaxing ……………………………………………………………………………
  8. Students are stressing because of their exams tomorrow ………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
  9. She is going to watch a new film ……………………………………………………………
  10. It was a tiring day at work for her …………………………………………………………

Using the words provided, your task is to create new questions. Challenge yourself by adding extra information and opinions in the questions to make them more detailed.

  1. Have/ eaten ……Have you eaten lunch today……(Example Answer)……….
  2. Ever/ Broken ………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
  3. Do/ enjoy ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
  4. Ever/Danced/Concert …………………………………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
  5. Shopping/Yesterday ………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

The following words have been jumbled up; your task is to create a question by putting them in the correct order.

  1. Made/is/Bread/How …….How is bread made? ……. (Example Answer)…..
  2. Homework/Today/Why/Your/Is/Late ……………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
  3. Window/Who/Bedroom/Broke/The ……………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  4. Yesterday/For Lunch/Emily/What/Eat/Did …………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
  5. Kelly/A movie/To watch/The cinema/To/Went

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