Table of Contents
Week 1 | English Grammar
Week 2 | English Grammar
Week 3 | English Grammar
Week 4| English Grammar
Week 5| English Grammar
Week 6| English Grammar
Week 7| English Grammar
Week 8| English Grammar
Week 9| English Grammar
Week 10| English Grammar
Week 11| English Grammar
Week 12| English Grammar
Week 13| English Grammar
If we go… If you see… etc
‘If’ can be used at the beginning of a sentence or in the middle of a sentence.
- If you don’t clean your room, you’re now allowed to go out.
- If you don’t eat breakfast, you’ll be hungry.
- If you don’t drink water, you will feel dehydrated.
- If my phone rings, answer the call.
- If we go to Liverpool on the train, it will be quicker than going in the car.
- If they don’t hurry up, we’re all going to be late.
- Order some food If you’re hungry.
- We’ll miss the train If you take your time getting ready.
- We’re going to be late for school tomorrow If you wake up late again.
- I’m going on holiday If I get a good deal.
- I’m taking my nieces to the cinema If their mum allows me.
- I’ll give you five pounds If you clean my room for me.
Sometimes we use the ‘If…’ part of the sentence alone.
After if, we use the present
More examples with ‘if…’:
- if you see Gemma, can you tell her that I’m looking for her. (see is the present, you don’t say if you will see)
- if I’m late to school, please can you tell the teacher it’s because there’s loads of traffic.
- if I wake up early, we can go to Manchester on the train.
- if I feel better tomorrow, then I will come to Susie’s party.
- if I have to babysit my brother on Saturday, I won’t be able to go to Kate’s sleepover.
- What shall we do if it rains?
- if it rains, are we still going out?
- if you behave, I will buy you a new game.
If and when
- if I go out… = It is possible that I will go out , but I’m not sure
- When I go out… = I’m going out for sure
- If I go out, I will clean my room.
- When I go out, I will clean my room.
Comparing ‘if’ and ‘when’
- When I come back from football, I’m going to have a hot shower.
- When we go out tomorrow, I’m going to buy a new pair of sunglasses.
- if the bus comes and I’m not there, don’t wait for me. (not when the bus come…)
- if the weather is nice on the weekend, we’ll take the kids to the park. (not when the weather…)
- We’re going to drive to Paris if it doesn’t snow. (not when it doesn’t snow…)
- We’re going to meet up with Emma if we go to Blackpool.
If we go… If you see… etc Exercises
1. Complete the following sentences
• If you don’t brush your teeth twice a day,
• If my Emma rings me,
• If I don’t come to school tomorrow,
• If we run to the bus stop,
• If my brother can drive us to the airport,
• if you’re thirsty.
• if you wake up early.
• if the weather is nice.
• if you don’t clean your bedroom.
• if it begins to rain
2. Fill in the missing gap with either when or if
• I wake up early tomorrow, I’m going to go to the corner shop before school.
• I wake up late, I always feel more tired.
• we get tickets, we’re going to go to the concert.
• my brother can give us a lift to the train station, we don’t have to leave the house early.
• I come back from swimming, I’m always really hungry.
Challenge: Write down the difference between if and when. Then create your own 4 sentences to compare if and when.
The difference between if and when is: