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If we go… If you see… etc
If we go… If you see… etc
‘If’ can be used at the beginning of a sentence or in the middle of a sentence.
If you don’t clean your room, you’re now allowed to go out.
If you don’t eat breakfast, you’ll be hungry.
If you don’t drink water, you will feel dehydrated.
If my phone rings, answer the call.
If we go to Liverpool on the train, it will be quicker than going in the car.
If they don’t hurry up, we’re all going to be late.
Order some food if you’re hungry.
We’ll miss the train if you take your time getting ready.
We’re going to be late for school tomorrow if you wake up late again.
I’m going on holiday if I get a good deal.
I’m taking my nieces to the cinema if their mum allows me.
I’ll give you five pounds if you clean my room for me.
Sometimes we use the ‘If…’ part of the sentence alone.
Are you coming with us to town tomorrow?
Yes, if I wake up early.
Are you going to the concert?
Yes, if I can get a ticket.
Are you getting the bus to school?
Yes, if my dad can’t give me a lift.
After if, we use the present
More examples with ‘if…':
If you see Gemma, can you tell her that I’m looking for her. (see is the present, you don’t say ‘if you will see)
If I’m late to school, please can you tell the teacher it’s because there’s loads of traffic.
If I wake up early, we can go to Manchester on the train.
If I feel better tomorrow, then I will come to Susie’s party.
If I have to babysit my brother on Saturday, I won’t be able to go to Kate’s sleepover.
What shall we do if it rains?
If it rains, are we still going out?
If you behave, I will buy you a new game.
If and when
If I go out… = It is possible that I will go out , but I’m not sure
When I go out… = I’m going out for sure
If I go out, I will clean my room.
When I go out, I will clean my room.
Comparing ‘if’ and ‘when’
When I come back from football, I’m going to have a hot shower.
When we go out tomorrow, I’m going to buy a new pair of sunglasses.
If the bus comes and I’m not there, don’t wait for me. (not
when the bus come…
If the weather is nice on the weekend, we’ll take the kids to the park. (not
when the weather…
We’re going to drive to Paris if it doesn’t snow. (not
when it doesn’t snow…)
We’re going to meet up with Emma if we go to Blackpool.
If we go… If you see… etc Exercises
Complete the following sentences.
If you don’t brush your teeth twice a day, ________________________________________________
If my Emma rings me, _________________________________________________________________
If I don’t come to school tomorrow, _____________________________________________________
If we run to the bus stop, _____________________________________________________________
If my brother can drive us to the airport, _________________________________________________
______________________________________________if you’re thirsty.
______________________________________________ if you wake up early.
______________________________________________ if the weather is nice.
______________________________________________ if you don’t clean your bedroom.
______________________________________________if it begins to rain.
Fill in the missing gap with either when or if.
____________ I wake up early tomorrow, I’m going to go to the corner shop before school.
____________ I wake up late, I always feel more tired.
____________ we get tickets, we’re going to go to the concert.
____________ my brother can give us a lift to the train station, we don’t have to leave the house early.
____________ I come back from swimming, I’m always really hungry.
Challenge: Write down the difference between if and when. Then create your own 4 sentences to compare if and when.
The difference between if and when is:
If means _______________________________________________________________________
When means ___________________________________________________________________
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