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More Speed

  • A distance time graph shows the distance travelled by an object over time
  • Gradient = slope = speed
  • Steeper graph = faster speed
  • Flat sections = stopped
  • Downhill = moving back to original point
  • Curves = changing speed
  • Steepening curve = object speeding up (accelerating)
  • Curve levelling off= object slowing down (decelerating)
  • Relative motion – when two objects pass each other
  • It is useful when you want to know the speed of another object when you are moving too
  • 2 objects moving in opposite direction on same straight line = ADD speeds together.
  • 2 objects moving in same direction on same straight line = subtract speeds.

How long have you…? (present perfect 4) Exercises




Use the information given to create questions beginning with ‘How long…?’

• It is snowing.

• The weather is shining.

• John and Kate are married.

• My brother has gone on holiday.

• My aunty and uncle live in Canada.

• My sister is a teacher.

• I work at the chemist.

• I’ve known Susan since I was a baby.

• Jonathan is learning to speak to Mandarin.




Fill in the missing gaps in the sentences using the present perfect (=has/have + past participle)

• I have known Kate a long time.

• My brother has been playing the piano he was 11 years old.

• My mum and dad on holiday to America. They

gone since last Sunday.

• I Ben and Emma since primary school.

We to the same primary and secondary school.

• My sister learning to speak French because she
is going to France next month.



Use the appropriate words in the missing gaps.

have you lived       lives      to

has been       works        have known

I have bought       have worked.

• My sister in Spain. She is studying Spanish

with her friend Rosie. I Rosie since I was 5.

• Spencer like with Jamie. They have worked

together for 2 years.

• How long in Australia?

• a new dress for prom.

• He to Thorpe park.



Challenge: Create 4 of your own questions beginning with ‘How long……?’








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